Accounts and categories can be the “Parent” of another account or category of the same type.
For example, the expense category Bills could be the "Parent" of the expense categories Electric, Gas, and Phone.
This means the expense categories Electric, Gas and Phone are "Child" categories (also known as sub-categories) of the expense category Bills.
Parent and Child Categories -
When creating a new category via Tools > Categories, you can specify the "Parent Category".
To edit an existing category, choose Tools > Categories, then double click on the category you want to change.
Parent categories must be the same category type as the child category.
i.e. An expense category cannot be the parent of an income category.
Parent and Child Accounts -
When creating a new account via Account > New Account, you can specify the "Parent Account".
To edit an existing account, select your account and choose Account > Edit account.
Parent accounts must be the same account type as the child account.
i.e. A bank account cannot be the parent of a credit card account.
The only exception to the Parent/Child feature is Investment accounts - they cannot be the parent or child of another account.